Toronto Weather

Learning to grow has being far more difficult than I thought. One of the biggest challenges I have had is pushing the envelope of the seasons so that I have fresh veggies for longer. There a number of tools to help you work out when you should start planting. Skippy's Garden Spring Planting Calendar, being extremely useful along with Gov Canada last frost dates.

There are many "rules" of gardening, like plant peas on St Patricks day, or plant Tomatoes and peppers on May 24 long weekend. Still I noticed that some springs and fall weather is very different from averages and man made dates do not take this into account.

I bought a soil thermometer and tried measuring the soil temperature, but for the early part of spring, the soil is too frozen. This clearly means starting indoors early was not possible based on this method. This would otherwise have being ideal see Germination of special crops

This got me to wondering, could one not use a blended model of actual events for this season, and average temperatures for past seasons? What I mean is, every year way before last frost, snowdrops emerge, pussy willows pop, forsythia bloom, and daffodils emerge right? So what if I could map these events to planting? Surely nature knows best what this particular season holds?


WeekGarden WeekActivityObserved 2015Observed 2016Observed 2017 Observed 2018
118




217




316




415




514




613Order Seeds



712Leeks, Onions, Celery Indoors



811




910




109Peppers, Kale, Broccoli, Brussels, Rosemary Indoors



118Tomatoes, Eggplant, Cauliflower, Chard, Parsley, Basil, Beets, indoorsDaylight Savings


127indoors Cabbage, Mustard, Spinach, Lettuce, Arugula, RapiniSnow Mostly melted


136Plant peas outdoors, prepare bedsMorning Birds song
First tips of tulips and daffodils. Hint of white on Pussy willow. Ground mostly Frozen -10+ a few nights. Uppotted cabbage and kale etc



145Chit Potatoes.1 Lonely snowdrop, Tulips leaves. lots more birds, still mostly frozen ground


154More lettuce indoorsEaster, Surprise snow storm, turns it all white. Grass midway to green. Snowdrops up, ground mostly unfrozen


163Plant out kale, broccoli, brussels onions, leaks, mustard,  and Rapini, potato, Direct sow favaGreen Grass. couple days in upper teens. Ramps showing, early bulbs flowers. Ground mostly workable except heavy shade. Ducks hunting.


172Indoors summer squash, winter squash. cucumber Plant out lettuce, cauliflower, cabbage, parsley, parsnip, chard, spinach, celery. Plant carrots, beets, kohlrabiAll but the daffodils and tulips are in flower. Onions showing 4-6 inches growth. Eating chives. Greening willows. 3 nights frost
181Direct Sow Lettuce1 Night frost, grass starting to look like growing, Haskaps got leaves, dafodiles starting to flower. Still no peas? Lovage showing


190Direct Sow all



201Plant out Tomatoes, eggplant,squash



212Plant out peppers and okra 



223




234




245




256




267




2713Fall Planting of cabbage, Brussels etc



2812




2911




3010




319




328




337




346Fall Planting Rapini



355




364




373




382




391




400




411




422Harvest Winter cabbage



433Plant Garlic and shallots



444




455




466




477




488




499




5010




5111




5212





Did I mention I am a new gardener? Do you really think I can remember exactly when the snow drops emerged?

So Above is my calendar with a place to take notes. I try walk around each weekend and notice something thats, growing, blooming or doing something, record it and tweak my planting per that .

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